Chapter 1: Introduction

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This is the official HTML manual for Pd (Pure Data), a patchable computer music environment for audio analysis, synthesis and digital signal processing in real time (aka "Live Electronics"). Pd can be extended with third-party libraries for additional computer music features, multimedia capabilities and more. The latest version of this manual is found online on, along with the downloads of the latest Pd releases.

1.1. Guide to Pd's documentation

Besides this HTML manual, you'll find the 'doc' folder with more documentation resources in Pd's installation folder, which is also accessible through the Help menu. Here's an overview of its structure:

├── doc/
    ├── 1.manual/
    ├── 2.control.examples/
    ├── 5.reference/
    ├── 6.externs/
    ├── 7.stuff/
    ├── 8.topics/

1.2. The Help menu

This section describes Pd's Help menu, which offers shortcuts to the documentation and other resources. "Pd Help" opens this HTML manual.

pd help
The Help menu

"Browser..." opens Pd's internal browser. The "Pure Data" entry points to the 'doc' folder explained above. It's a quick way to navigate and open particular help files, manual chapters, examples from the tutorials, etc.

The Help browser accessing the Pd's documentation folder

In this browser window, you'll also find the "externals" installed on your system. By default, Pd comes with an 'extra' library, so you'll find these externals here even if you have not yet installed anything.

The 'List of objects' entry of the Help menu opens a patch that includes a list of all native objects with brief explanations.

list of objects
The help-intro patch with a list of all internal objects

The '' entry opens, an extensive Pd community website that aims to be the central resource for Pd, from downloads to forums, member pages, extra documentation resources and a patch exchange.

The 'check for updates' entry just opens for you to check if there is a new Pd version for download.

The 'report a bug' entry opens the Pd issue tracker on github, where you can find known bugs and also report them.

The Help menu also allows you to find and download externals with the "Find externals" entry, which opens a Pd extension manager. This is described more detailed in 4.3.2 How to Download Externals from Pd.

1.3. Other resources

The Pd source code is found on github, on the Pd GitHub project page. This project also includes a repository that focuses on Pd's documentation, called pddp (Pure Data Documentation Project). This repository also has an issue tracker for issues related to the documentation.

Most of the interesting news related to Pd show up on the Pd mailing list, maintained by IOhannes zmölnig. To subscribe or browse the archives, visit: This is the best source of recent information regarding installation problems and bugs. It is perfectly reasonable to post "beginner" questions on this list; alternatively you can contact for help. Many extensions for Pd also get announced on the mailing list.

Other community resources online include the Pd forum ; a Pd telegram group; a Facebook group and a Discord channel. Here, you can find many users that can help you with basic instructions and troubleshooting as well as other interactions with the community.

1.4. Other flavors

Pure Data, being an open source project, can be forked into alternative projects that are developed independently. These forks are also known as "different flavors" of Pd. This manual covers the official Pure Data distribution by Miller Puckette, which is also known as the "Vanilla" flavor of Pd, so it's commonly referred to "Pd Vanilla".

Other Pd flavors mainly focus on two things, modifying the GUI to offer more user-friendliness and extending its default features with pre-installed externals. Notably, the PlugData fork also allows you to run Pd as a plugin in any DAW.

A very important and historical flavor of Pd was Pd-extended, which has been discontinued in 2014. This used to come with a vast collection of externals. Many Pure Data tutorials out there are based on this distribution. You can still follow Pd-extended tutorials if you install the necessary libraries, but note that these tutorials are very outdated and don't include many goodies that have been included in Pd Vanilla over the last years, like the [clone] object, [savestate], multichannel connections and many more.

The currently active and main flavors of Pd are presented on the front page of Note that some forks may introduce incompatibilities and not be fully up to date with Pd Vanilla. For forks that are fully compatible, the information in this manual should also apply for the most part.